University Of Victoria report On Vaping
Seemingly every week, more and more scientific research is emerging that illustrates the superiority of vaping to smoking tobacco and further breaks any purported links between the two.
"Fears of a gateway effect are unjustified and overblown," principal investigator Marjorie MacDonald told the university press. "From a public health perspective, it’s positive to see youth moving towards a less harmful substitute to tobacco smoking."
Not only did researchers find no evidence to support a link between vaping and increased tobacco consumption, "they found encouraging evidence that vapour devices could be at least as effective as other nicotine replacements as aids to help tobacco smokers quit."
Other important findings:
Exhaled vapor dissipates in 30 seconds or less, while cigarette smoke can linger for up to 20 minutes, drastically reducing secondhand exposure risks. Per the report, "Tests determined that second hand vapour is far less toxic than cigarette smoke, often by several orders of magnitude, and that it does not contain carbon monoxide or volatile organic compounds."
Vapor contains no tar, and only 18 of the 79 toxins found in smoke have been detected. It's worth noting here that most are at far lower levels than found in smoke, and many were created using test methods that intentionally created "dry burn" conditions where wicking material was actually being combusted and the smoke produced combined with vapor from the e-liquid. These conditions would never be replicated in real life, as human users (as opposed to the "smoking robots" that conducted some trials) would immediately notice an undesirable taste and stop vaping a burnt wick.
"The public has been misled about the risks of e-cigarettes," concludes the university's Centre for Addictions Research and co-principal investigator Tim Stockwell. "Many people think they are as dangerous as smoking tobacco but the evidence shows this is completely false."
Like most pieces of research, the report's authors call for continued testing and regulations to ensure device safety (which, done correctly, we wholeheartedly support), but they arrive at the firm assessment that vaping should be encouraged as an alternative for current tobacco users, rather than demonized as a false "gateway" to tobacco for non-users. We can only hope the United States government will begin taking notice of evidence the rest of the world is quickly adopting.